FORM[VERB] + s/es in third person
Examples:Complete List of Simple Present Forms :
- You speak English.
- Do you speak English?
- You do not speak English.
Most VerbsMost verbs conjugate like the verb "run" below. Notice how you add an "s" to third-person forms. Third-person negative forms and third-person questions are made using "does."
|I run.||I do not run.||Do I run?|
|You run.||You do not run.||Do you run?|
|We run.||We do not run.||Do we run?|
|They run.||They do not run.||Do they run?|
|He runs.||He does not run.||Does he run?|
|She runs.||She does not run.||Does she run?|
|It runs.||It does not run.||Does it run?|
|I rush.||I do not rush.||Do I rush?|
|You rush.||You do not rush.||Do you rush?|
|We rush.||We do not rush.||Do we rush?|
|They rush.||They do not rush.||Do they rush?|
|He rushes. *||He does not rush.||Does he rush?|
|She rushes. *||She does not rush.||Does she rush?|
|It rushes. *||It does not rush.||Does it rush?|
To HaveThe verb "have" is irregular in positive, third-person forms. This irregular form has been marked below with an asterisk*.
|I have.||I do not have.||Do I have?|
|You have.||You do not have.||Do you have?|
|We have.||We do not have.||Do we have?|
|They have.||They do not have.||Do they have?|
|He has. *||He does not have.||Does he have?|
|She has. *||She does not have.||Does she have?|
|It has. *||It does not have.||Does it have?|
To BeThe verb "be" is irregular in the Simple Present. It also has different question forms and negative forms.
|I am.||I am not.||Am I?|
|You are.||You are not.||Are you?|
|We are.||We are not.||Are we?|
|They are.||They are not.||Are they?|
|He is.||He is not.||Is he?|
|She is.||She is not.||Is she?|
|It is.||It is not.||Is it?|
Modal VerbsModal verbs behave differently from other verbs. Notice that they do not take "s" in the third person - there is no difference between first-person, second-person or third-person forms. Like the verb "be" described above, modal verbs also have different question forms and negative forms in Simple Present.
|I should go.||I should not go.||Should I go?|
|You should go.||You should not go.||Should you go?|
|We should go.||We should not go.||Should we go?|
|They should go.||They should not go.||Should they go?|
|He should go.||He should not go.||Should he go?|
|She should go.||She should not go.||Should she go?|
|It should go.||It should not go.||Should it go?|
USE 1 Repeated Actions
- I play tennis.
- She does not play tennis.
- Does he play tennis?
- The train leaves every morning at 8 AM.
- The train does not leave at 9 AM.
- When does the train usually leave?
- She always forgets her purse.
- He never forgets his wallet.
- Every twelve months, the Earth circles the Sun.
- Does the Sun circle the Earth?
USE 2 Facts or Generalizations
- Cats like milk.
- Birds do not like milk.
- Do pigs like milk?
- California is in America.
- California is not in the United Kingdom.
- Windows are made of glass.
- Windows are not made of wood.
- New York is a small city. It is not important that this fact is untrue.
USE 3 Scheduled Events in the Near Future
- The train leaves tonight at 6 PM.
- The bus does not arrive at 11 AM, it arrives at 11 PM.
- When do we board the plane?
- The party starts at 8 o'clock.
- When does class begin tomorrow?
USE 4 Now (Non-Continuous Verbs)Non-Continuous Verbs and certain Mixed Verbs.
- I am here now.
- She is not here now.
- He needs help right now.
- He does not need help now.
- He has his passport in his hand.
- Do you have your passport with you?
ADVERB PLACEMENTThe examples below show the placement for grammar adverbs such as: always, only, never, ever, still, just, etc.
- You only speak English.
- Do you only speak English?
ACTIVE / PASSIVE
- Once a week, Tom cleans the car. Active
- Once a week, the car is cleaned by Tom. Passive